An Indian Farmer
An Indian farmer is one of the most important members of society. He is the giver of food to the people, to all practical purposes.
He gets up early in the morning and goes to his fields. Nowadays in a number of states, the days of ploughing the fields with the help of oxen are almost over except for the farmers who are too poor to purchase a tractor.
The farmer has many kinds of works to do. He ploughs his fields. He sows the seeds. He waters the fields regularly. He has to take care of the crops. He has to protect them against hail and frost. He has to apply compost and fertilizers. He has also to sprinkle insecticides and pesticides to protect the crops against pests and insects.
Most of the old farmers are illiterate. But the farmers of the new generation are mostly educated. Their being educated helps them a lot. They get the soil of their fields tested in a laboratory.
Most of the farmers are not interested in free electricity and water. They rather want an uninterrupted supply of electricity for which they are ready to pay.
Small farmers should also start some cottage industries. Crop rotation system and contract crop system has been started in some states. Such steps are in the right direction and will help the farmers in the long run.
The Indian Farmer
India is an agricultural country. Majority of its population lives in villages and depend on agriculture. The Indian farmer is the backbone of the society. His importance in the economy of the country cannot be over-emphasized. He grows corn, vegetables and fruits for our food and cotton for our clothes.
The Indian farmer is a hard working man. He works form morning till evening in the scorching heat and biting cold. Early in the morning he drives his oxen to the fields. He ploughs the fields, sows seeds and waters the plants. An Indians famer depends on monsoon. He looks after the crops and saves them from being spoiled by stray cattle or wild animals. He enjoys no holyday. At noon he takes his meals under a shady tree and then takes a little rest. In the evening he returns home, tired and exhausted.
The Indian farmer leads a simple life. He lives in a mud house, eats simple food and wears coarse clothes. Generally he is illiterate. He believes in old customs and superstitions. His cattle are his most valuable property. Often during drought crops fail and he is in trouble. When the crop ripens, he feels happy. He reaps it, thrashes it and takes the corn to the market. In times of a bad harvest he had little money to buy seeds and manure and he runs into debt.
An Indian farmer earns his bread by the sweet of this brow. He is never idle. Our late Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri gave us the slogan, “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”, underlying the fact that farmer is an important as a soldier. Really he deserves a better treatment. More educational, medical and irrigational facilities should be provided to him. On him depends the well- being of the whole nation? In the real sense of the term, a farmer is the actual bread giver of the nation.
The farmer is fond of festivities. He spends lavishly on marriages and others social ceremonies. Recently , the use of agricultural machinery and chemical manures and the provision of credit facilities by cooperative societies and rural banks has improved his lot and changed his outlook on life.
In spite of being independent for the last more than fifty years we have not be able to improve the lot to Indian farmer. Most of them still live under the poverty line. They do not get full return of their yield and they continue to be poor and neglected. The biggest industries of India are not attracted towards the profession as it does not guarantee a prosperous living to them. The developments in Science and Technology have not been able to make agriculture an enviable profession. This is the reason of the biggest problem of this land, that is, unemployment. If modernized on a large scale it can employ all the unemployed youths and the country will be for more prosperous than we dream about it.